Colonization of America
All the popular claims that the colonists simply discovered America as it is now are a myth. A major part of the current system of America is the result of an invasion of Europeans. In other words, the New World was created but not discovered. When we talk about the history of the North America, we all remember Christopher Columbus and the subsequent European invasion The growing number of immigrants has fundamentally changed America as huge cities have grown, and America itself has become one of the world’s leading continents. But why have Europeans been so successful there? And it seems that it is not only technological advances that have led to such a successful struggle – the transformation of the biological ecosystem has made a huge contribution. How did it all go like this?
Different Cultural and Technological Development
The Neolithic revolution is called a “cultural mutation”. This process was developed into the technological revolution and leap forward for Europe, after which the remaining continents had no chance of catching up. It began about three thousand year ago in the Middle East, when the future “New Europe” was already reliably separated from Eurasia by a water curtain. The Neolithic “revolutionaries”, who began to grind tools from stones instead of breaking them, knocked clay vessels, ended up inventing agriculture, domesticating animals, creating patterns, cities, and creating civilization.
In isolated America, things went differently. The Neolithic Revolution took place in America but was much slower than in Europe. The Indians had metal that used for jewelry, as well as they invented, they own wheel but used it only for toys. Why did this happen? According to scientists, the main reason was the geographical location of the continents. In America that is located at very different climatic zones, crops spread much more slowly than the cereals of the Old World, which spread from East to West in regions with similar climates.
The Wave of New Invasion
European emigrants arrived at such a biologically weak continent and established the first English colony in Jamestown. Plants, animals, micro-organisms and attitudes towards agriculture and livestock farming brought from Europe have changed normal life and irreversibly transformed the ecosystem of the region.
However, the first years of the English colony in Jamestown can certainly be called tragic. A few months after the arrival of the 104 colonists, almost half of them died of various diseases. Hunger also contributed to these disasters: people ate dogs, cats, mice after the food ran out. The situation did not change after the arrival of new settlers. Death retained the ranks of the colonists without any pity. During the period of 1607-1624 over 6 thousand people came to this colony but over three-quarters of them died. It is also necessary to note that the neighbors of the colonists were powerful Indian tribes, which complicated the daily life of the colonists. But they managed to survive and get stronger.
The colonists changed the North American landscape and ecosystem. Various monocultures were introduced. The Jamestown area, with its tobacco plantations and factories, was similar to England. As a result, the colonists and their descendants created the nature and landscape around them according to the example of their past life.